The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Husayn is part of me and I am part of him. May Allah love those who love Husayn. Husayn is one of my grandsons.” [al-Tirmidhi (3775), Ibn Maajah (144) and Ahmad (17111) – classed as hasan by at-Tirmidhi and al-Albaani]
Al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) was killed on the day of ‘Ashoora’, he was killed by the transgressing, wrongdoing group. Allah honoured al-Husayn with martyrdom, as He honoured other members of his family; He honoured Hamzah and Ja‘far (may Allah be pleased with them) with martyrdom, as well as his father ‘Ali and others (may Allah be pleased with them all).
His martyrdom was one of the means by which Allah raised him in status, for he and his brother al-Hasan will be the leaders of the youth among the people of Paradise, and high status is only achieved by means of trials, as the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said, when he was asked which of the people are most sorely tested? He said: “The Prophets, then the righteous, then the next best and the next best. A man will be tested to a degree commensurate with his level of religious commitment. If there is firmness in his religious commitment, his test will be greater, and if there is any weakness in his religious commitment, the test will be reduced for him. Trials will continue to befall the believer until he walks upon the earth with no sin on him.” [Narrated by at-Tirmidhi and others].
Al-Hasan and al-Husayn had previously been granted high status by Allah, may He be glorified, and they did not go through the same trials and hardships that had befallen their predecessors, because they were born at a time when Islam was prevalent and they had grown up with honour and dignity. The Muslims venerated them and honoured them, and when the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) died, they had not yet reached the age of discernment.
The blessing that Allah bestowed upon them was that He tested them with that which caused them to join the other members of their family, just as He tested others who were better than them. ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib was better than them, and he was killed as a martyr.
The two beautiful beloved ones who many are grieving for these days, were martyred as Allah willed it, and this was a blessing for them. They are now in Jannah with their grandfather (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) having a high status with Allah so why should we be sad for them? Instead let’s pray Allah gives us tawfiq to follow them in righteous deeds and that He has mercy on us and forgives us like He had mercy on them and that He unites us with them in Jannat Al Firdaws! Aameen!
When the great scholar Sulaym b. Ayyūb as-Sulaym (known as Abū Fatḥ ar-Rāzī, d. 447 hijrī) was a ten year old child in his hometown of Rey, Iran, he went to a sheikh to learn recitation of the Qurʾān.
He narrates; the sheikh called me over and asked me to start reciting the Qurʾān. I started to recite Sūrat al-Fātiḥah but struggled to do so and couldn’t complete its recitation because of how poor my pronunciation was. So the sheikh asked me, “Do you have a mother?”
I replied, “Yes.”
The sheikh said, “Tell her to make duʿāʾ that Allāh grants you recitation of the Qurʾān and knowledge.”
So I went home and asked her to make duʿāʾ for me and she did.
When I grew up, I travelled to Baghdād and stayed there until I mastered the Arabic language and Fiqh. Then I returned to Rey.
One day, as I was sitting in a masjid teaching ‘Mukhtaṣar al-Muzanī’, that same sheikh entered the masjid and greeted us but did not recognise me. When he heard me teach–and he had no idea what we were discussing–he exclaimed, “How does one gain this much knowledge?!”
Sulaym narrates, I wanted to ask him if he had a mother, to tell her to make duʿāʾ for him. But I was shy to do so!
-Abū Fatḥ ar-Rāzī, d. 447 hijrī
Allah’s Messenger (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) talked about Friday and said:
‘There is an hour on Friday and if a Muslim gets it while offering Salat (prayer) and asks something from Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala), then Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) will definitely meet his demand.’
And he (the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) pointed out the shortness of that particular time with his hands. [Sahih al-Bukhari]
Some have said that this hour is from the time the Imam (prayer’s leader) enters the mosque on Friday’s prayer until the prayer is over (ie between the two khutbahs), whereas others have said that it is the last hour of the day (ie after the Asr prayer until the Maghrib prayer).
(Note: when we say an hour here we do not mean the hour everyone knows (60 minutes) but an unspecified period of time because the time counters which we use today came after the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) had died.
Ibn Taymiyah says: “Many Muslims, trust worthy, people of expertise and Fiqh spoke many times about their experiences when they surrounded castles and cities in Sham and surrounded the Christians.
They said we would surround the castle or the city, for a month or more and our besieging of them is doing nothing, and we are almost going to give up and leave. Then when the people of that town or castle, would start cursing the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) suddenly it would fall in our hands, sometimes the delay would not be even a day or two and it would be opened by force. So we would take it as a glad tiding when we would hear them curse the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) even though our hearts would be filled with hatred but we would see it as a glad tiding because it is a sign of our coming victory.”
Shaykh al-Maghamisi mentions an interesting story of a Bedouin who once walked past a man reciting the Qur’an. The man was reciting the verse below from Surah al-Ma’idah:
وَالسَّارِقُ وَالسَّارِقَةُ فَاقْطَعُوا أَيْدِيَهُمَا جَزَاءً بِمَا كَسَبَا نَكَالًا مِّنَ اللَّهِ ۗ
“As for the thief, both male and female, cut off their hands as a recompense for what they committed as a deterrent [punishment] from Allah…” [al-Ma’idah: 38]
But as he was reciting, he made a mistake at the end and closed the verse with, ‘Wallahu Ghafurur-Rahim’ (‘And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful). The Bedouin surprisingly halted and said, “I don’t think it ends like that.”
When the man double checked, sure enough, he found himself mistaken and corrected himself saying, ‘Wallahu ‘Azeezun-Hakim’ (‘And Allah is Powerful and Wise’). The Bedouin replied, “Yes, that’s it.”
وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ
“…And Allah is Powerful and Wise.” [al-Ma’idah: 38]
When the people asked him how he know (since in general, Bedouins weren’t learned or scholarly), he replied:
“Allah in His Might confirmed (the ruling), then He judged by it, and so the hand is cut. But were He to forgive and show Mercy, then the hand would never be cut.”
Subhan’Allah, his understanding of Allah and His Attributes was on-point and because of this, he was able to guess out a mistake even though he was not learned. And for this reason, if a sincere slave knows their Lord well and knows the core Principles of the Deen well, then insha’Allah they will not be misguided easily and they will always have an unease towards things that are not good, proper or authentic. Allah will preserve His Book through various means, even through the hearkening of a Bedouin’s ear.
May Allah increase our understanding and keep us firm on His Path, ameen.
From the salaf uṣ-ṣāliḥeen was a scholar named حياة ابن شريح Ḥayāt ibn Sharīḥ, one of Bukhāri’s teacher. All his life, dunya constricted on Ḥayāt Ibn Sharīḥ; in unabated poverty and hunger, he adopted a life of zuhd (asceticism) unwillingly. Ibn Wahab said of him, “I have never seen a man as drastic in his istighfār as Ḥayāt ibn Sharīḥ. He was known for having his duʿās responded to. He was also of those who cried often [from khushūʾ]—and those deprived of this world’s comforts. For this reason he became a zāhid [ascetic].”
ما رأيت أحدا أشد استغفار بعمله من حياة. وكان يُعرَف بالإجابة. وكان من البكائين، وديق الحياة جداً ومع ذلك من الزاهدين
His worried students inquired about his condition; they said, “Why would Allāh restrict His rizq (provision) on a pious scholar like Ḥayāt?” And so Ḥayāt would respond to them: الله أعلم بما يصلح عباده “Allāh knows what [worldly] conditions are best for His servant…”
One of the kirāmāt (miracles) of this scholar: Ḥayāt ibn Sharīḥ’s annual income was a mere 60 dinars, which he distributed ALL to the needy. Narrations say Ḥayāt would return home and randomly find another 60 dinars under his pillow. Like Allāh was compensating him secretly for his charitable donations. His cousin, seemingly baffled by Ḥayāt’s kirāmah, tested this to see if it would work for him.
It didn’t. And when his cousin complained to him, Ḥayāt replied: أنا أعطيت ربي بيقين وأنت أعطيته بتجربة “I give for Allāh’s sake with yaqīn (certainty) while you give to test Him.”
A quick-witted scholar, yes, but also an exemplar of virtuosic contentment. Your heart may long for wealth, but Allāh knows poverty is better for you. It may long for simplicity, but Allāh chose you for His rizq. He knows. And we know nothing.
Amr ibn abdullah told his wife who was nursing his son:
“Do not let your nursing of your son be as the livestock nurse their offspring; done instinctively out of mercy for its young, rather nurse him seeking the reward of Allah, hoping that through your nursing shall live a creation, who believes in the Oneness of Allah, and worships Him.”
–Abu Amr Al Awzai
(Naseehat al Mulook by Al Maawardi, Page 166)