When the great scholar Sulaym b. Ayyūb as-Sulaym (known as Abū Fatḥ ar-Rāzī, d. 447 hijrī) was a ten year old child in his hometown of Rey, Iran, he went to a sheikh to learn recitation of the Qurʾān.
He narrates; the sheikh called me over and asked me to start reciting the Qurʾān. I started to recite Sūrat al-Fātiḥah but struggled to do so and couldn’t complete its recitation because of how poor my pronunciation was. So the sheikh asked me, “Do you have a mother?”
I replied, “Yes.”
The sheikh said, “Tell her to make duʿāʾ that Allāh grants you recitation of the Qurʾān and knowledge.”
So I went home and asked her to make duʿāʾ for me and she did.
When I grew up, I travelled to Baghdād and stayed there until I mastered the Arabic language and Fiqh. Then I returned to Rey.
One day, as I was sitting in a masjid teaching ‘Mukhtaṣar al-Muzanī’, that same sheikh entered the masjid and greeted us but did not recognise me. When he heard me teach–and he had no idea what we were discussing–he exclaimed, “How does one gain this much knowledge?!”
Sulaym narrates, I wanted to ask him if he had a mother, to tell her to make duʿāʾ for him. But I was shy to do so!
-Abū Fatḥ ar-Rāzī, d. 447 hijrī
“O Allaah! There is none to prevent what You give, and none to give what You prevent.” (Al Bukhari 1/255, Muslim 1/414)
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah) comments:
“So if Allaah gives, there is no one who can prevent what He gives. Ever. And if He prevents, then no one can give what He prevents. If Allaah prevents someone from something, no one will be able to give it to him. Ever. Don’t praise the people for what Allaah has given you and don’t blame them for what Allaah hasn’t given you, because the One who gives and the One who prevents is Allaah, jalla wa ‘alaa. And that which is given or prevented through the slaves (of Allaah) only happens by the command of Allaah, subhaanahu wa ta’aala. So if this is so, then it is obligatory for the hearts and wishes to be attached to Allaah, ’azza wa jal, and for the person to not be angry with the creation if what he wanted did not happen. Rather, he should know that (whatever happened) is from Allaah, jalla wa ‘alaa; He is the One who prevented it from him. Furthermore, he doesn’t know what would be beneficial; the benefit may be in preventing him from that. Allaah knows and you do not know.”
Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-’Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah) comments:
“So if, that which Allaah has decreed is to reach you, no one can ever prevent it. And that which Allaah, ‘azza wa jal, prevents, it is not possible for anyone to give it to you.No matter what means you take that would bring this thing that you want, indeed it cannot come to you as long as Allaah has prevented it. So if a person believes in these two sentences – and believing in them is obligatory – then indeed he will depend on Allaah with regard to his provision, repelling the harm and bringing the benefit. And he will always be relying on his Lord and believing that He, subhaanahu wa ta’aala, will suffice him.”
Source: Buloogh al-Maraam, Sharh Kitaab is-Salaah; tape no. 15/4 & tape no. 29/6