It is preferable sunnah to point with the forefinger and move it during the tashahhud.
It is sunnah to point with the forefinger and move it during the tashahhud because of the reports:
- It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Zubayr said: When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sat during the prayer, he would place his left foot between his thigh and calf, and tuck his right foot underneath him, and place his left hand on his left knee, and place his right hand on his right thigh, and point with his finger. [Narrated by Muslim, 579].
In al-Nasaa’i (1270) and Abu Dawood (989) it says: “He used to point with his finger when making du’aa’ but he did not move it.”
This addition – “but he did not move it” – was classed as da’eef by Ibn al-Qayyim in Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/238. It was also classed as da’eef by al-Albaani in Tamaam al-Minnah, p. 218.
- It was narrated that Waa’il ibn Hajar said: I said: I will certainly watch how the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prays. So I watched him and he stood up and said takbeer (“Allaahu akbar”), and raised his hands until they were level with his ears. Then he placed his right hand on his left hand, wrist and lower forearm. When he wanted to bow, he raised his hands likewise, and put his hands on his knees, and when he raised his head he raised his hands likewise. Then he prostrated and put his hands level with his ears, then he sat with his left foot tucked underneath him and put his left hand on his left thigh and knee, and he put the edge of his right elbow on his right thigh. Then he held two of his fingers and made a circle, then he raised his forefinger and moved it, making du’aa’ with it.
[Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 889; classed as saheeh by Ibn Khuzaymah, 1/354; Ibn Maajah, 5/170; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 367].
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen quoted this hadeeth – “moving it, making du’aa’ with it” – as evidence that moving the forefinger during the tashahhud should be done with every phrase of the du’aa’. He said in al-Sharh al-Mumti’:
The Sunnah indicates that he should point with it when making du’aa’, because the wording of the hadeeth is “moving it, making du’aa’ with it”. So every time you make du’aa’, move your finger thus indicating the exalted nature of the One to Whom you are addressing your du’aa’s. So we say:
“As-salaamu ‘alayka ayyuha’l-Nabiyyu (peace be upon you, O Prophet)” – you should point your finger because this salaam is a kind of du’aa’. “Al-salaamu ‘alayna (peace be upon us)” – you should point your finger. “Allaahumma salli ‘ala Muhammad (O Allaah, send blessings upon Muhammad)” – you should point your finger. “Allaahumma baarik ‘ala Muhammad) O Allaah, send blessings upon Muhammad)” – you should point your finger. ‘A’oodhu Billaahi min ‘adhaab jahannam (I seek refuge with Allaah from the torment of Hell)” – you should point your finger. “Wa min ‘adhaab al-qabr (and from the torment of the grave)” – you should point your finger. “Wa min fitnat il-mahya wa’l-mamaat (and from the trials of life and death)” – you should point your finger. “Wa min fitnat il-maseeh il-dajjaal (and from the tribulation of the Dajjaal) – you should point your finger. Every time you make du’aa’ you should point your finger, indicating the greatness of the One to Whom you are making du’aa’. This is closer to the Sunnah.
- Al-Nasaa’i (1273) narrated that Sa’d said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) passed by me whilst I was making du’aa’ with my fingers and he said, “One, one,” and pointed with his index finger. Meaning: point with one finger, namely the index finger.
- Ahmad (5964) narrated that Naafi’ said: When ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar sat during the prayer, he would put his hands on his thighs and point with his finger whilst looking at it. Then he said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “It is harder on the Shaytaan than iron,” meaning the index finger. This hadeeth was classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Sifat Salaat al-Nabi (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), p. 159.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: It is mustahabb to point with one finger during “the tashahhud and supplication (du‘aa’)”. [Al-Ikhtiyaaraat, 38.]
The ahaadeeth above indicate two things:
- That one should point with the finger throughout the entire Tashahhud
- That one should move it when making du’aa’.
It is Sunnah when pointing to look at your finger.
Al-Nawawi said: The Sunnah is not to let your gaze go beyond the pointing finger. There is a saheeh hadeeth concerning this in Sunan Abi Dawood. You should point in the direction of the qiblah and intend when pointing to affirm the Oneness of Allaah and exclusive devotion to Him. [Sharh Muslim, 5/81].
The hadeeth to which al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) referred is the hadeeth of ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Zubayr quoted above. The version narrated by Abu Dawood is (989): “And he should not let his gaze go beyond his pointing finger.” [Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood].
It is Sunnah to point with it towards the qiblah.
It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar that he saw a man moving pebbles with his hand whilst he was praying. When he finished, ‘Abd-Allaah said to him: “Do not move pebbles whilst you are praying, for that comes from the Shaytaan. Rather do what the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to do. He put his right hand on his thigh and pointed with the finger that is next to the thumb towards the qiblah, and he fixed his gaze on it.” Then he said: “This is what I saw the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) doing.” Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 1160; Ibn Khuzaymah, 1/355; Ibn Hibbaan, 5/273. classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i.
It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (7/56):
Pointing with the finger throughout the tashahhud and moving it when offering supplication (du‘aa’), and clenching the other fingers should continue until the salaam. End quote.
Whatever the case, the matter is subject to ijtihaad and is something concerning which the scholars differed. The different opinions concerning it may have to do with slight differences in the way the prayer is performed, so there is nothing wrong with differing from this ijtihaad and following what one thinks is more correct on the basis of evidence.
It also says in Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (5/368):
Raising the forefinger in the tashahhud is Sunnah, and the reason behind it is to indicate the Oneness of Allah. Whoever wishes may move it and whoever wishes may not move it. This matter should not lead to division and discord between seekers of knowledge. If a person does not raise it at all, or he raises it but does not move it, this is a minor matter that should not lead to denunciation and resentment. However the Sunnah is to raise it throughout the shahaadatayn, until the worshippers says the salaam, as an affirmation of divine Oneness. With regard to moving it, that should be when reciting the supplication, as is narrated in the saheeh Sunnah.
End quote from Fataawa al-Lajnah, 5/368
And Allah Almighty knows best.
Click here to watch Shaikh Assim answer a question on this topic.
The worst opinion is the one in which you lie to yourself and others, and then attribute it to God.
If you’re too lazy to pray, be honest with yourself, instead of saying prayer doesn’t make someone Muslim. It does. Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu’alayhi wa sallam, taught that Salaah is the dividing line between faith and disbelief.
If you’re too weak to wear hijab, be honest about your struggles—we’re all human after all—but don’t say hijab isn’t important in Islam. Our Lord doesn’t speak trivialities. If He spoke about it, it’s important.
If you don’t want your husband or wife to divorce you, then be honest about your deepest desires and vulnerabilities—we all have them—but don’t slander your husband or wife, saying they are bad Muslims to even want this.
If you are too spiritually weak or ignorant to understand the wisdom of polygyny for all times—we all have much to learn about our faith—then pray that Allah increases you in knowledge and understanding. But don’t say polygyny is haraam in today’s society.
Obeying Allah through marriage is never forbidden, no matter what society you live in.
But lying on Allah is *always* forbidden, no matter your motivation or excuse.
Allah says, “Woe to those who write the Book with their own hands and then say, ‘This is from Allah!’” (2:79).
Allah has already spoken about prayer, hijab, and marriage. Limit your “opinion” to His revelation…
Or await facing Him alone on the Day of Judgment, when you’ll be asked to explain why you felt you knew better than He.
—from the journal of Umm Zakiyyah
This Ramadan… ———————-I will L.E.A.P. for every salah.
I have fought way too many Nafs vs. Heart wars, and lost way too many times to give in to this anymore. Is not my Rabb the most important aspect in my life? Does He not deserve that we leave everything of our petty dunya activities and hasten to the remembrance of our Grand Creator? What can really be so important that I cannot pause for fifteen minutes to show my true love and dedication to Allah? To really prove that I deserve the blessing of being Muslim and that I value His Deen enough to stand to attention every time the call to prayer is made? To prove to Allah that I deserve the blessing of salah itself — yes, it is a blessing that Allah allows us to stand in front of Him, subhanahu wa ta’ala. How can I show gratitude for this blessing that, for many, isn’t even a reality? Walid bin Aizar narrates that the Prophet (salla Alahu alayhi wa sallam) was asked, “Which deed is loved most by Allah?” He (salla Allahu alayhi wasallam) replied, “To offer prayers at their early (very first) stated times” [Sahih Bukhari, 5970]. We’ve all read this hadith a countless times, but have we ever reflected over the fact that this deed is even more beloved to Allah than some other acts of worship we may engage in? If we’re reciting Qur’an or preparing iftar for our families, or doing something else and the time of Salah enters, the most beloved act to Allah at this moment is that we LEAP. Recall the incident when Musa (‘alayhi salaam) had his appointment with Allah: Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala asked him, “And what made you hasten (away) from your people, O Musa?” He said, “They are close on my footsteps; and I hastened to You, O my Lord, that You might be pleased.“ [TaHa, 21:83-84] If any of us had a single opportunity to converse with the Lord of the Worlds, wouldn’t we rush to this meeting? Wouldn’t we leave everything and consider this the most important task above all? Yet, don’t we all have an appointment to converse with Allah five times a day? How will we respond to His call? Action points: – Set an alarm clock/adhan on your computer to remind you when salah time enters. – Drop everything you’re doing when you hear it and just get up (seriously, it won’t work if you even delay 10-15 min). – If any men in the household are leaving for salah, make that an indicator that it’s time to pray and don’t just let them reap the rewards alone! – If you still find yourself delaying, put a condition on yourself: For every salah I delay without a valid reason, I will fast an extra day or pay X amount in charity. (For this to work, you have to put a condition that will make your nafs understand you’re not playing around). – Constantly remind yourself of the importance and beauty and blessing of salah. Listen to lectures on salah, pick up books on the topic, write out your own thoughts on why this should be important to you. – Ask Allah to make you successful in your efforts. This #Ramadan… may Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala give us the opportunity to LEAP towards His Pleasure and Mercy. Ameen. –Originally published at I Got it Covered
Abu Hurayrah quoted the Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) as saying:
“The prayer of a man in congregation is twenty-five times more superior (in reward) to his prayer in his house or market – and this is because he performs ablution and perfects it and goes to the mosque with the sole purpose of performing the prayer. He does not take a step without being raised a degree and having one of his sins erased. When he prays, as long as he does not lose his ablution, the angels keep on praying [for him] ‘O Allaah, bless him. O Allaah, have mercy upon him.’ And he is considered in prayer as long as he is waiting for the prayer.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
In general, if a person stays in the masjid to remember Allaah (dhikr) and worship Him, or waiting for the prayer, all of these are good deeds and acts of worship that bring one closer to Allaah.